Exposure – The Basic element of Photography by Nitin Khanna

Nitin Khanna Photography Tips

When photographers talk about “exposure,” we simply take it as the darkness or brightness of a photograph. It looks easy enough to take a photograph that is correctly exposed, but in reality it can be quite the trick.Read on the present blog to help get the right exposure with your camera settings. If you are reading this blog post, it possibly means that you currently shoot on the automatic setting or the Green mode of your camera. This implies that your camera entirely controls the exposure of your shot.

In automatic mode, your camera chooses an aperture setting a shutter speed, an ISO setting, and a host of other settings for you. Automatic can be a convenient option, but it seriously limits your creative ability to shoot a stunning picture.

All the elements (ISO, shutter speed and aperture or f-stop) of exposure work together and compensate for each other to produce a properly exposed picture. These basic elements of exposure balance each other to create what can be a very well exposed picture. Before we go on, let’s talk about what good or proper exposure means.


    Nitin Khanna Photography


It is important to remember that the exposure settings on your camera are tools for clicking the photos you want. There is no correct or incorrect way to get the photographs you want.ISO, shutter speed and aperture are like the three legs of a tripod, to use an appropriately photographic expression. As one of these factors varies, the others have to adjust to preserve and accommodate the right exposure. When your shutter speed is very fast, you have to allow more light through the aperture. This can be done by changing the f-stop. If you opt to alter the f-stop to decrease the depth of field, you then have to reduce shutter speed, so the appropriate amount of light gets to the sensor.

Something good about the digital cameras is that you can modify the ISO settings. In older times, you had to stick with the same speed setting for the full roll of film. If you adjust the ISO, just be sure to fine-tune the other settings to adjust for the increased or decreased light sensitivity.

    Now, as you know why it is so important to have control over the exposure, your next step should be to learn about shutter, aperture and ISO.

Street Photography for Beginners by Nitin Khanna

Nitin Khanna Photography

For me, street photography is not just taking photos; it is rather an art of capturing culture, life and humanity, in a candid way. It is a means to appreciate the beauty in the mundane, of seeing the world, and a way of discovering more peace, tranquility, and serenity in your life.Many photographers prefer to point their cameras in the direction of culture and people that they have never met before, over sunsets, landscapes and mountains.

The essence of street photography is about recording daily life and society on the streets. You get chance to practice it everywhere and you don’t essentially need to travel to take beautiful shots.If you haven’t done it before, then give it a try, as it is a ton of fun and is a very gratifying art form to practice.

Remember, your aim should be to capture humanity, emotion, and portray a person’s character. It takes time to master it, but with some patience and practice it is worthwhile.

1. Work the scene :I have seen many photographers making the same mistake of clicking just 1-2 photos of the scene, and then move on. You should take multiple shots of the scene, preferably 15-20, because the more you work the scene, the more likely you are to make a great shot. At times, a small difference between what is happening in the background, a hand gesture, or the eye contact of a person, is what makes the photograph.

2. Take photos for yourself :It is undoubtedly important to see other people’s perspectives and to pay consideration to the images that they like, but I focus on photographing for myself. Take a photo that you love, and don’t worry if others are not getting it. Street photography is still a niche genre because of which there are lots of people that aren’t accustomed with it. Be creative and have a good time. Take weird images, take ugly images, take personal images, and take risks with what you shoot. The more your images reflect your voice and what you like, the better your work will be.

3. Think out of the box :Great ideas and emotions can be represented through the simplest of scenes. Most people mistakenly associate the art of street photography with portraits on the street. You don’t always need to put people in frame, or capture interesting juxtapositions or fitting many people or different objects into frame. There are endless possibilities for all types of images with or without people. It may be tricky in some busy places, but take a walk down a quiet alleyway and look for the subjects that interest you.

4. Edit and sequence your photos :Editing is very important for your success as a photographer. Learn Lightroom, and learn to organize your pictures well. Spend a great deal of time reviewing, and narrowing down your shots, to the best of the best. Use collections in Lightroom to group pictures together, without moving their location on the computer. Over time, you will start to figure out which clicks are your best.

End Note
Street photography demands practice! The more you get out there, the more your eye will see the opportunities. Beautiful street photographs come from powerful ideas, captured in a simple manner.

Nitin Khanna on Judging the Quality of Light for Good Photography

One of the very important skills I learned in my Photography profession is the ability to judge the quality of light for good photography. If you want to be a proficient photographer, then it is vital for you to know how the direction of light and its degree of dispersion are controlled and how they affect the pictures. You will have to learn the best times to shoot, as well as recognize the ideal lighting conditions to get perfect shots. Let’s dive deeper into it in this blog post.

Nitin Khanna Photography

1. Diffused vs. Direct : Photographing on a warm sunny day can be a nice work experience if you get the chance to shoot in direct sunlight obscured by thin clouds. A high and gentle cloud can nicely diffuse the light and make it even and uniform. It is because clouds act like a diffuser that gives the light a soft quality. With too many clouds, the light can go flat and result in a boring and shadow-less scene.

2. Height of the sun : I love photographing in the hour that follows sunrise or precedes sunset. This is the magical hour or golden hour for photographers. The magical hour is the half hour before and after sunrise and sunset. During this time, a warm and rich light makes everything look great. The best light is created when the sun is low across the horizon. It gives your image the warm, rich shadows. It is a great time to get beautiful images if you are planning to shoot landscapes, skylines, or nature.
Sometimes, it is not possible to get access to your subjects during the best times of the day. In such cases, your best bet to shoot should be during the right season, not during the right time of the day. In Portland, Oregon, winter offers light that you can work with during most part of the day, because the angle of the sun is low on the horizon at those times. Look for light that is low and you will get dynamic images, as when the light is high in the sky, it is too harsh to shoot.

3. What color is the light : Is it the soft blue light of a high overcast sky or the golden light of sunrise? Determine the quality of the light prior to shoot. This measurement is important and beneficial when you want to correctly white balance your camera. Light can be measured in terms of temperature (degrees Kelvin).

Nitin Khanna Photography tips

When you move from indoor light to outdoor light, your eyes compensate for the color change automatically, but your camera cannot (unless it is in an auto white balance mode). So, it is important that you white balance for the lighting conditions properly.

  • Quick and advanced tips

Shooting a sunset:

    Attempting to shoot a sunset is much simpler. The sun moves pretty quickly, so you should make the most of the light you have.

Shooting at sunrise:

    Use a calculator or a compass to know the position of the sun and decide where to frame your shot. It can be difficult to know how to compose the shot without it.

Shooting during sunrise or sunset:

    When shooting a subject at sunset or sunrise, you will have to keep the light in front of your subject. Because the sun moves, you may need to shoot by rotating your position.